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Utah State University Library

Citations: Citing Your Sources: Citing Sources

Instructions and quick guides for citing sources.

Citing Your Sources

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Need Help with a Citation?

Librarians are available to help you with all of your research needs:

• Chat with a librarian
• Text a librarian
• Email us a question
• Phone a reference librarian
• Visit the Information desk in person

How Do you Cite Sources?

There are two elements to every citation:
Note: These are just two examples. Always check a current citation guide for the style your instructor requires for proper formatting.

1. In-Text citation (APA) or Footnote/Endnote (Chicago)

This is where you identify, in summary, the source of your quote or the material you are using in your paper.

Chicago note style:

2. Works Cited Page or Footnote/Endnote (Chicago)

This is where you list, in alphabetical order, the complete citations for all the sources you noted in your in-text citations, for styles like APA.

Or, for the Chicago notes style, this is how you format the full citation in the note.

How Do You Choose a Style?

Ask your instructor which style they want you to use. If they have no preference, you can use the one intended for your discipline. 

  • APA: psychology, education, and other social sciences
  • MLA: literature, arts, and humanities
  • AMA: medicine, health, and biological sciences
  • Turabian: used mainly by thesis and dissertation writers in all subjects
  • Chicago: used with many subjects; music, usually history and some humanities

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