Writing in your own words using academic sources is an important, but difficult, skill. Summarizing and paraphrasing are two writing techniques that don’t involve direct quotes.
Summarizing captures the big picture and lets your reader know generally what a source said.
You can paraphrase more specific ideas or points made by an author, but using your own words instead of theirs.
Summarized and paraphrased materials do need citations, just like quotes. After all, you’re referencing someone else’s ideas – and it’s the thought that counts when it comes to plagiarism.
Strategies for writing in your own words include:
For more information about the difference between quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing, check out Purdue OWL’s guide.
Driscoll, D.L & Brizee, A. (2013, February 15). Quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing. Retrieved from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/563/1/