Peer reviewed or scholarly articles are papers that describe original research studies that have been reviewed by experts before they are accepted for publication. Watch the video to learn about scholarly articles and the peer review process.
PICOT is a format for creating detailed, researchable questions, helping you articulate your research need. The goal is to find and evaluate evidence to make sure it applies to your particular situation. The letters indicate the elements of the question:
P: Patient / Population
I: Intervention / Indicator
C: Compare / Control
T: Time frame
|List of References||Yes||Usually no references listed|
|Author||Expert or professional and credentials are provided||Journalist, student, or no name provided|
|Reading Level||Advanced, often with specialized vocabulary||Easy to read|
|Purpose||Report research findings||Overview, opinions, or general information|
|Article submission||Articles are reviewed by other experts||Review by editor and editorial staff|
|Article format||Has introduction, methods, results, etc.||Typically no set format|
Also referred to as "peer reviewed," these articles are written by experts in the field. They generally report the findings of research and the information is supported by a bibliography at the end of the article. The author's affiliation is usually stated. Articles tend to be very specific in nature. The peer review process requires articles to be evaluated by other experts in the field before the article is published. This ensures the article is reporting sound research.
Some journals will contain both scholarly and popular articles! Be sure to check each article to see that it meets the criteria for a scholarly article before using it in your paper. Contact me if you need help with this.
Here's an example of a scholarly article:
Harrop, M. (2007, December). Psychosocial impact of cystic fibrosis in adolescence. Paediatric Nursing, 19(10), 41-45
You will generally find these in popular magazines and newspapers. These articles are usually written by journalists, as opposed to experts in the field. They are very useful for getting an overview of a topic and for gaining different perspectives of an issue. Examples of magazines that would include popular articles inclue Newsweek, Time, and U.S. News & World Reports.
Here is an example of a popular article about teenagers and gastric bypass surgery:
Gorman, C. (2003). Desperate Measures. Time, 162(20), 58-59.