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MUSC 1310: Intro to Music Therapy: Cite in APA


Citing Sources in APA

According to APA 7th Edition guidelines you need to find out as much information as you can about who created and published a source and when. You communicate this to your audience through in-text and Reference List citations which your readers can look up themselves.


Music therapy citation example

Citing a music therapy article, step-by-step:

  • Author's name - last name first followed by first initial(s)
  • Year of publication - in parentheses
  • Title of article - first word only is capitalized
  • Title of publication - all words in italics
  • Volume number - in italics
  • Issue number - no italics
  • Page numbers - without pp or the word "page" in front
  • DOI, when available - see see DOI box on this guide for more details

Be sure to indent lines after the first.

An example:

Frisch, M.J., Franko, D.L., Herzog, D.B. (2006). Arts-based therapies in the treatment of eating disorders. Eating Disorders, 14(2),131-142. doi:10.1080/10640260500403857


APA Guides

Recommended sources for help with APA style guidelines:


APA style requires that a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) be included in your citation, if available. To see if a journal article has been assigned a DOI, you can look it up on CrossRef or Ask a Librarian.

example of where to find a DOI on a journal article

For more information about the DOI system, see