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Conducting a Lit Review in Sociology: Citation

Citing in ASA

Here is the general format for the ASA citation of an academic journal article, along with a sample citation (examples from the Purdue OWL).

Author's full name, inverted so that last name appears first and any additional authors. Year. “Article Title in Title Caps and in Quotes.” Journal Title in Title Caps and Italicized Volume Number(Issue Number):page numbers of article.

Coe, Deborah L., and James D. Davidson. 2011. “The Origins of Legacy Admissions: A Sociological Explanation.” Review of Religious Research 52(3):233-47.

More resources to help with ASA:

Citing in APA

Here is the general format for the APA citation of an academic journal article (examples from the Purdue OWL), along with a sample citation.

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.

Aoyagi, K., Santos, C. E., & Updegraff, K. A. (2018). Longitudinal associations between gender and ethnic-racial identity felt pressure from family and peers and self-esteem among African American and Latino/a youth. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 47(1), 207–221.

More resources to help with APA:


APA style requires that a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) be included in your citation, if available. To see if a journal article has been assigned a DOI, you can look it up on CrossRef or Ask a Librarian.

example of where to find a DOI on a journal article

For more information about the DOI system, see

Automatically Creating Citations in Library Article Collections

Many databases and article collections, plus many e-books, will automatically create citations for whichever article or chapter you are viewing.

Look for a “Cite,” “CiteNow,” or “Cite This Item” button on the database record for the specific article or chapter.
(Not all databases have this feature. For example, LexisNexis does not.)

Examples of citation buttons:

             Cite Button (EBSCOhost)                                      Cite Button (ProQuest)                           Cite This Item Button (JSTOR)

     EBSCOhost databases                      ProQuest databases                               JSTOR
(e.g., Academic Search Premier)
                 (e.g, Newsstand)

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USU Writing Center

Need another set of eyes on your paper? The USU Writing Center can help.

The Writing Center offers face-to-face and online tutoring sessions at a variety of locations and times that fit your schedule. It's easy to make an appointment online.