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NURS 2020: Citing Sources


Citing Sources in APA

According to APA 7th Edition guidelines you need to find out as much information as you can about who created and published a source and when. You communicate this to your audience through in-text and Reference List citations which your readers can look up themselves.


APA Guides

Recommended sources for help with APA style guidelines:

Citing Sources in APA

Below are a just a few examples of APA citations. There are many situations which you might run into that don't fit the formats listed below - for more help visit the APA website to learn about specific rules and tips! 


Format (Multiple Authors)

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of the article.

Name of the Periodical, volume(issue), #–#.


Albert, R., McKnight, A. G., Perez, C., & Yelinek, J. (2019). Thoughts in literature: A review

of literature that presents ethnic and racial representation in groups across Oregon.

Psychology of Popular Media Culture8(4), 210–217.



Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Copyright Year). Title of the book (6th ed.).

Publisher. DOI or URL


Sapolsky, R. M. (2017). Behave: The biology of humans at our best and worst.

Penguin Books. 

Webpage on a Website 


Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date Published). Title of the webpage.

Publisher of the Website. URL


Kuzmich, F. D. (2019, April 1). Nursing mental health. OER Commons.

Newspaper Articles


Author, A. A., & Author B, B,. (Date Published). Title of news article.

Newspaper Publisher. URL


Carey, B. (2019, March 22). Can we get better at forgetting? The New York Times. 


Automatically Creating Citations in Library Article Collections

Many databases and article collections, plus many e-books, will automatically create citations for whichever article or chapter you are viewing.

Look for a “Cite,” “CiteNow,” or “Cite This Item” button on the database record for the specific article or chapter.
(Not all databases have this feature)

Examples of citation buttons:

             Cite Button (EBSCOhost)                                                               

     EBSCOhost databases (e.g., CINAHL)                


APA style requires that a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) be included in your citation, if available. To see if a journal article has been assigned a DOI, you can look it up on CrossRef or Ask a Librarian.

example of where to find a DOI on a journal article

For more information about the DOI system, see