"'Evidence synthesis' refers to any method of identifying, selecting, and combining results from multiple studies."
-From Cornell University's Guide to Evidence Synthesis
What are key characteristics of evidence synthesis work?
Librarians are typically unable to serve as co-authors or co-researchers given workload demands. However, librarians can assist evidence synthesis studies in numerous ways, including providing the following:
*Initial consultations are typically an hour.
Scoping Review: Systematically and transparently collects and categorizes existing evidence on a broad topic or set of research questions.
Systematic Review: A methodical and comprehensive literature synthesis focused on a well-formulated research question.
Rapid Review: Applies systematic review methodology within a time-constrained setting.
Meta-Analysis: A statistical technique for combining the findings from disparate quantitative studies.
*Example question formats and explanations drawn from the Evidence Synthesis Institute.